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当代青少年感恩教育研讨

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【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】感恩作为一种伦理思惟,具有悠长的历史传统。它不仅是人之所认为人的主要道德基石,也是社会秩序良性运行的基本。当代青少年中忘恩负义现象时有发生,说明青少年的感恩教育存在一定题目。因此对当代青少年入行感恩教育迫在眉睫。国外的感恩思惟始于宗教教义,近现代主要应用于心理学范畴。海内的感恩思惟源于中华传统文化,对青少年感恩教育的专门研讨始于2004年,学者们重点研讨了青少年感恩缺失的主要表示、形成原因和解决对策等,在感恩的理论研讨、国外感恩教育研讨、多学科研讨等方面还存在不足。感恩是对天然、社会和他人给自己的恩情和便利由衷认可,并意欲真挚归报的一种熟习、一种感激的感情以及行为。感恩的对象应包括父母、老师、朋友、他人、社会、祖国、天然等。感恩教育是教育者应用一定的教育方式与手腕,通过一定的教育内容对受教育者实行的识恩、知恩、谢恩、报恩和施恩的入程,感恩教育具有道德性、主体性、体验性和实践性等特色。从儒家、道教、佛教和***教文化中可以追溯出感恩的源流,从人类学、社会学、心理学和马克思主义理论中可以追求感恩的理论支持。通过对日本、韩国和美国的感恩教育实践内容入行概括研讨,可以总结出国外的感恩教育注重“心灵教育”和“感性教育”、注重感恩德性的养成与感恩实践教育、教育途径相对多元化,在这三个方面值得我国参考和借鉴。通过问卷调查,反映出当代青少年感恩品质的总体良好,但也存在着不可疏忽的题目。造成这种现状的原因既有家庭、学校、社会环境等外在消极因素,也有青少年自身内在消极因素。在对策建议方面,本文提出对青少年入行感恩教育,要遵循引导主体多元化、教育入程长效性、教育环境归复生涯、教育方式注重引导内化、教育后果追求实效性等原则,选择性地应用道德教育的有效方式,如灌注贯注性教育、渗入渗出性教育、养成性教育、影响性教育、劝导性教育、体验性教育。详细要做到用马列主义的科学理论武装青少年,辩证吸取传统文化中的感恩精髓,辅助其树立准确的人生观、价值观、世界观;构建“家庭——学校——社会——学生”四位一体的教育体系,使感恩教育形成合力;抓住感恩教育的最佳时机,凸起感恩教育的时效性等。');
【Abstract】 Gratitude as an ethic theory has existed in any society from of old. It is not only an important moral foundation, but also the foundation of social order operation normally. It can be often seen that the contemporary teen-agers act ungratefully, which reflects there’s something wrong with their gratitude character. So gratitude education to teen-agers is necessary and urgent.The thought of gratitude beginning in the religious doctrine, mainly applies in the psychology domain in near modern age. Domestic gratitude stemmed from China traditional culture. Special study in gratitude education to the teen-agers began in 2004. The scholars studied the main performance of gratitude missing to teen-agers, the causes and the solution countermeasure and so on, which have the insufficiency in fundamental research, overseas research and multi-disciplinary research.Gratitude, is expressing the approbation from the heart for the boon and favor the nature, society and the others giving to us, and a kind of understanding, emotion and behavior with sincere repay. The object of gratitude should include the parents, teacher, the friend, other people, the society, the motherland, the nature and so on. Gratitude education, is a humanistic education which is to cultivate students knowing gratitude, having gratitude, paying a debt of gratitude and bestowing favor depending on a certain contents of gratitude education by some certain educational ways or methods. Gratitude education has the characteristics of moral, subjectivity, experience and practicality.It can trace the source and course of gratitude from the culture of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Christianity, seek the support from the theory of the anthropology, the sociology ,the psychology and Marxism. Summarizing the practice of gratitude education again to Japan, South Korea and the USA, it obtains valuable inspiration that overseas gratitude education paid great attention to“the mind education”and“the perceptual education”, paid great attention to gratitude character and the practice education, and the educational channel relative diversification.Through the questionnaire survey, it obtains the conclusion that the gratitude view of the teen-agers students is actively heading up totally, but also have some problems which can not be ignored. The factors which influence the gratitude view mainly includes the individual internal factors and the external factor such as family, school, society.In countermeasure aspect, it discusses the basic principle such as the guidance main body diversification, the education process long residual action, the education environment returning life, the educational mode paying great attention to guide to internalize, the education effect effectiveness. The concrete matter is to help the teen-agers to set up the correct outlook on life, the values and the world outlook by Marxism, to establish an integrate gratitude educational system involved with family,school, society and teen-agers. and we must hold best opportunity for gratitude education.

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本文TAGS: 研讨 教育 青少年 当代 the 感恩 and gratit

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