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留守初中生领悟社会支持与主观幸福感的关系研讨

分享到: 本站编辑:admin 日期: 2010-05-18 21:33 点击:

【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】目前,我国存在大量的留守儿童。留守儿童引起了社会各界人士的普遍关注,但是研讨者主要关注留守儿童消极心理品质和不良情感的研讨和战胜,而对其积极心理品质的重视不够。主观幸福感作为个体的积极心理品质,是心理健康的主要标志之一。现有关于留守儿童主观幸福感的研讨较少,且研讨结果不一致。我们知道,社会支持尤其是领悟到的社会支持是幸福感的一个主要影响因素。因此,对留守儿童领悟社会支持与主观幸福感的关系入行研讨,并通过对留守儿童领悟社会支持的心理干预来提高他们主观幸福感水平的研讨具有主要的理论意义和实践价值。本研讨中,我们采取《领悟社会支持量表(psss)》、《幸福感指数量表》和《感情量表:正性感情、负性感情、感情平衡》对重庆市4所中学的856名初中生入行了测量,并对留守儿童领悟社会支持、主观幸福感的特色及其两者之间的关系入行了剖析。在此基本上,对留守儿童入行了领悟社会支持的集团心理训练。结果表明,领悟社会支持集团训练计划对提高留守儿童主观幸福感水平有一定后果。综合本研讨,主要得出以下结论:(1)留守儿童与非留守儿童的领悟社会支持存在显明差异,即留守儿童的领悟社会支持水平要显明地低于非留守儿童。(2)留守儿童与非留守儿童在幸福感、感情指数、生涯知足度方面有显明差异,表示为留守儿童在幸福感、感情指数、生涯知足度方面的得分要显明低于非留守儿童。(3)留守儿童的领悟社会支持与幸福感之间存在显明正相关。尤其是朋友和家庭支持对幸福感的影响最大。通过归归剖析,结果表明,朋友和家庭支持对留守儿童的幸福感有显明的预测作用。(4)领悟社会支持集团训练对留守儿童幸福感的提高有显明后果。通过集团训练,留守儿童在领悟社会支持和主观幸福感方面的得分都有显明提高。');
【Abstract】 There exists a great many parent-absent children who declare great concern of our society.There are also researches on problems existing among parent-absent junior high school students at present;however,little concern goes toward the positive psychological research,of which the research on the subjective well-being of parent-absent junior high school students can attain no absolute agreement.Social support,especially perceived social support is one crucial factor which contributes greatly to their well-being.Relationships between parent-absent junior high school students\' perceived social support and subjective well-being,on the one hand bear a close tie with parent-absent junior high school students\' healthy growth;Thus,it arouses great concern and must have both significant theoretical and practical values.This *** will set hypothesis on 856 parent-absent junior high school students of four middle schools in Chongqing,for which effective measures are taken with PSSS and SWB;On basis of this research,this *** also analyses both their special characters and the relationship between perceived social support and subjective well-being of them.The result shows that supportive perception team-related training has positive effects on parent-absent junior high school students\' subjective well-being.Research conclusions are as follows:(1) Parent-absent junior high school students\' perception capability varies greatly from that of the normal children,that is,parent-absent junior high school students" perception capability about the social support is absolutely inferior to that of the normal students\'. (2) Parent-absent junior high school students\' satisfaction towards life and their total grades from the combination of table of affection and table of life satisfaction are remarkably lower than those of the normal students\';their total grades on subjective well being,affection index and their satisfaction to life is apparently lower than those of the normal students\'.(3) Parent-absent junior high school students\' perception of social support and their subjective well-being exist in a parallel way.Furthermore,friends and family support have the most influential effect.And these two variants,on basis of regression analysis,are measurable to the prediction of the subjective well-being.(4) Supportive perception team-related training has significant effect on parent-absent junior high school students\' perception of social support.Thus,it may in a great sense improve their perception of social support and subjective well-being.

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本文TAGS: 幸福 关系 研讨 主观 支持 社会 儿童 留守 of stu

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