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农村落地域小学生心理健康状况及相关影响因素的研讨

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【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】【目的】探讨农村落地域小学生心理题目及儿童14种人格特性因素的现况;从小学生自身的基本情形,家庭环境、子女心理控制源等角度来探讨小学生的心理健康和人格特性的影响因素。为农村落地域小学生心理健康教育、小学生的心理题目诊断和预防提供理论性依据。【方式】采取分层整群随机抽样方式,在获得学校和被调查学生的知情同意后,在长清区随机抽取4所小学,在所抽取的学校中,2-6年级每个年级随机抽取2个班共20个班级901名学生加入了测评。被试学生春秋范围为6-13岁,平均春秋9.90岁。其中男生440人(48.8%);女生461人(51.2%)。采取小学生心理健康评定量表(MHRSP)、子女教育心理控制源量表(PLOC)和自编调查问卷入行调查。对其中2所学校的505名学生入行了儿童十四种人格(个性)因素问卷(CPQ)调查。问卷归收后将资料全体实行编码,用Excel2003树立数据库,采取SPSS16.0入行剖析,对结果入行统计描述、方差剖析、x~2检修、Logistic归归剖析、Pearson相关剖析等。【结果】通过对本次心理健康8个维度方面的调查发现,农村落地域小学生学习障碍的发生率为10.3%;情感障碍的发生率为4.8%;性情缺点的发生率为2.7%;社会适应障碍的发生率为1.9%;品格缺点的发生率为1.7%;不良习性的发生率为2.0%;行为障碍的发生率为7.4%;特种障碍的发生率为1.4%。心理题目主要表示在:学习障碍(男生12%,女生8.7%)、行为障碍(男生9.1%,女生5.9%)、情感障碍(男生4.3%,女生5.2%)、性情障碍(男生2.0%,女生3.9%)等方面。对其入行统计学剖析发现:农村落地域小学生心理题目的发生率在性别间无显明差异(p>0.05)。小学生心理题目的发生率在年级间存在差异(p<0.05),四年级学生除了学习障碍方面发生率(8.0%)低于其他年级(二年级12.5%、三年级12.4%、五年级11.5%、六年级8.1%)外,其他7个方面的心理题目比其他年级都高,说明四年级学生的心理题目是比拟凸起的,应引起重视。学生学习成就好坏、有否留级、有无特长方面在性情缺点方面无差异性(p>0.05),在其他的7个维度间存在显明性差异(p<0.01)。对儿童14种人格因素特性的调查数据通过方差剖析和t检修,发现儿童14种人格因素中,小学生的乐群性、轻松型、有恒性、敏感性、事故性、自律性等因素在不同年级、是否是班干部、是否有特长间,存在差异性(p<0.05);在性别间差异性显明(p<0.01);与是否留级无关(p>0.05)。对影响小学生心理健康的相关因素入行Logistic归归剖析发现:学习成就与学习障碍、情感障碍、行为障碍的发生有关(p<0.05)。父母文化水平、父母职业、对子女发的教育立场、对子女的关灌水温和家庭***度及是否是独生子女与小学生的心理健康有关(p<0.05)。子女对父母生涯的控制与儿童养成不良习性有关(p<0.05)。对影响儿童14种人格因素特性的因素入行Pearson剖析发现:父母的教养立场和方式、对子女的关灌水平、家庭***度是影响儿童人格的主要因素(p>0.05)。父母的文化水平对孩子的聪明性有较大影响;父母职业对儿童的人格无影响(p>0.05)。【结论】1.农村落地域小学生主要的心理题目表示在学习障碍、情感障碍、行为障碍、性情障碍,其中学习障碍发生率最高。2.四年级学生心理题目较凸起。3.小学生的人格特性在性别间差异性显明。4.学习成就、家庭因素是影响小学生心理健康和人格的主要因素。');
【Abstract】 【Objective】To investigate psychological problems of rural pupils and the present situation of 14 kinds of children\'s personal traits.From the aspects of pupils\' basic self-condition,family environment,and psychological dominated source,we discuss the influencing elements of their psychological health and personal traits.The theoretical evidence is provided for the pupil\' education of psychological health,and diagnosis and prevention of psychological problems.【Method】Adopt stratified,clustered,and random sampling method,four elementary schools were randomly chosen from Changqing district with the agreement of school authorities and students.Among the schools,2 classes from each grade.There are 20 classes and 901 students attended the test.The ages of the pupils range from 6 to 13.the average age is 9.90 years old.Boys:440 persons(48.8%); girls:461persons(51.2%).The Mental Health Rate Scale for Pupil(MHRSP), Parenting Locus of Control Scale(PLOC) and self-made questionnaire were used.Among of them,505 persons were investigated by 14 kinds of Craft Personality Questionnaire(CPQ).Coding all the materials,setting up database with Excel 2003, adopting SPSS16.0 to make analysis,and deal with the results with statistic depiction, analysis of variance,x~2 test,logistic regression and pearson analysis.【Results】The investigation shows that the incidence rate of learning disorder for elementary school students in rural areas is 10.3%,emotional disturbance 4.8%, character disability 2.7%,social handicap 1.9%,moral character limitation 1.7%,bad habits 2.0%,behavior 7.4%,and special disability 1.4%.The psychological problems mainly display on learning disorder(boys 12%,girls 8.7%),behavior handicap (boys9.1%,girls 5.9%),emotional disturbance(boys 4.3%,girls 5.2%),character handicap(boys 2.0%,girls 3.9%) and so on.The statistic analysis data showed there is no very significant in genders on the incidence rate of psychological problems in rural pupils(p>0.05).Among the grades,there is significant(P<0.05).The incidence rate of the students of Grade four is higher than the other grades on 7 aspects of psychological problems,except learning disorder 8.90%lower than the others(Grade 2:12.5%,grade 3:11.5%,grade 5:11.5%,grade 6:8.1%).It shows that the psychological problems of Grade 4 is serious and should be paid more attention.On character disability,there is no very significant(p>0.05),whether failing to go up to the next grade,whether having personal advantages,there is very significant on the other seven dimensions(p<0.01).The study grades is the main element on leaning disorder,emotional disturbance and behavior handicap.The parents\' level of education,occupation, attitude to the child\'s education,care to the kid and the degree of family harmony, and whether the child has brother or sister,are related to their psychological healthy. (p<0.05)Through variance analysis and t-test,we found that the elements of Warmth, Relaxation,Rule Consciousness,Sensitivity,Privateness,Perfectionist exist significant in different grades,whether being monitor,whether having personal specialties(p<0.05),and there is very significant on genders(p<0.01) and have nothing to do with whether they fail to go up to the next grade.The parents\' educating attitude and method and the degree of being cared and family harmony are the main elements influencing on the pupils.The parents\' level of education has a great effect on the kids\' intelligence.The parents\' occupation has no effect on the pupils\' personality(p>0.05).【Conclusion】1.The main psychological problems of rural pupils are about leaning disorder, emotional disturbance and behavior handicap.The incidence rate of leaning disability is comparatively higher.2.There exist serious psychological problems in Grade 4 students. 3.There is very significant on genders in the personal traits of pupils.4.Study scores and family element are two main factors of the pupils\' psychological health.

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本文TAGS: 影响 因素 研讨 相关 状况 地域 小学生 心理健康 农村

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