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女大学生就业心理压力及社会支持体系构建

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【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】本文从人力资源管理视角,结合人力资源管理学、心理学、教育学的相关理论对女大学生的就业心理压力现状入行了研讨。综合应用文献剖析、构造化个别访谈、开放式问卷调查、封锁式问卷调查等方式,对大学生就业心理压力问卷的编制、女大学生就业心理压力、女大学生社会支持现状等内容入行了实证研讨,并提出了缓解女大学生就业心理压力的社会支持体系。实证研讨结论表明:①大学生就业心理压力分为求职竞争的压力、就业心理预期的压力、缺少求职辅助的压力、专业供需矛盾的压力、综合素质的压力五个维度。②重庆市大学生的就业心理压力整体处于一般水平,而重庆市女大学生的就业心理压力高于男大学生。从整体上望,重庆市女大学生在总体就业心理压力及求职竞争的压力、就业心理预期的压力、缺少求职辅助的压力、专业供需矛盾的压力等方面,与男大学生比拟均具有显明性差异,女大学生的就业心理压力感触感染均高于男大学生。③重庆市女大学生因年级、学科等因素,女大学生就业心理压力与男大学生在部门因素上都具有显明性差异。④大学生的社会支持分为主观支持、客观支持、支持应费用三个维度。⑤与男大学生比拟,女大学生社会支持处于较低水平与一般水平之间,研讨表明,在是否为独生子女,是否担任学生干部以及不同窗科方面等不同类型女大学生在总体社会支持及各个维度上均存在显明性差异。⑥大学生就业心理压力各维度与社会支持各维度都具有负相关,总体就业心理压力与总体社会总持具有显明负相关。⑦依据女大学生的就业心理压力与社会支持现状,从女大学生自身,学校、社会、政府四方面提出了缓解女大学生就业心理压力的社会支持体系。');
【Abstract】 From the visual angle of public human resource management, this text combines human resource management, management psychology and educational theory to research the current situations of university female Students’mental pressure of job-hunting. Use such methods as the analysis of documents, structured specific interview, open questionnaire investigation, closed questionnaire investigation etc, based on positive research to develop the scale of students’mental pressure of job-hunting , get to know the female students’mental pressure of job-hunting and social support ,and put forward the corresponding countermeasures on releasing female students’mental pressure, and build the social support system for releasing female students’mental pressure.The results of positive research show:①five factors cause the job-hunting mental pressure ,including competition pressure, the high expectation on job-hunting pressure, helpless during the job-hunting pressure, the supply and demand imbalance of major pressure, and comprehensive quality pressure.②The students’overall degree of job-hunting mental pressure is not very high, it reaches a ordinary level. The female students’job-hunting mental pressure is higher than the male students.③We set the female students into different types according to their independent variable. The research result tells us there are differences in female students’job-hunting mental pressure for different types of students. Partially, the difference is remarkable on some factors.④Social support can devised into subjective support, objective support, and *** use of support.⑤Compared with male students, female students’social support are lower than the male students. The research result tells us there are differences in female students’social support for different types of students. Partially, the difference is remarkable on some factors.⑥There exist extremely remarkable correlation among Job-hunting mental pressure and social support.⑦According to the measurements that bring forward by the under proof, combined with the analysis of female students’job-hunting mental pressure and social support situation, we try to build the social support system to release the female students’job-hunting mental pressure from four ways: The government, student itself, university and society.

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本文TAGS: 体系 构建 支持 社会 心理 压力 the 大学生 pres

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