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新课程改造中的教师教授教养行为研讨

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【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】新一轮的课程改造,是在目前全球社会与经济发铺的大前提下提出的。当我们步入新的世纪,我们越来越能够体会到这个崭新的时期,将是教育和学习起核心作用的时期。新世纪我们面临一系列挑战,这些挑战包括对传统教授教养模式下教师的教授教养行为的挑战,所以我们必需入行新一轮基本教育课程改造。基本教育课程改造是一个体系工程,而改造的最终目的,是改造和完美基本教育中传统的教育教授教养模式,紧跟时期发铺潮流,为培育高素质的新时期及格人才奠定基本。新课程对教师的教授教养行为提出了全新的请求,只有在准确熟习传统教授教养模式中教师教授教养行为的弊端的前提下,我们才能够真正理解这些请求,理解新课程改造的主要意义。然而,传统教授教养模式下教师教授教养行为存在哪些弊端,其发生根因又是什么,要归答这些题目,须要我们全面深入研讨和剖析传统课堂教授教养的实质和特性。传统课堂教授教养是一种以知识为本位的教授教养,知识是第一位的,知识的价值是本位的,感情、立场、智力、才能等其他方面的价值都是从属的,这种教授教养在强化知识的同时,从基本上失去了对人的性命存在及其发铺的整体关怀,从而使学生成为被肢解的人,甚至被窒息的人。也就是说,传统课堂教授教养只关注知识的授受,学生成为盛装知识的容器,而不是详细的有个性的人——性命主体。这便是传统课堂教授教养的基本缺点。新课程理念下的教师教授教养行为,请求教师关注学生的个性体验和个性发铺,改变教师为中央的教授教养行为,倡导课堂教授教养要以学生为主体,并在教授教养入程中积极反思,留意教授教养协作,开铺科学的多元化的评价工作,有效应用现代教授教养手腕开铺教授教养活动。所以,我们在深刻熟习以上这些题目的基本上,发现并提出改造教师教授教养行为的对策和办法,并且要了解和熟习新课程理念对教师的角色和教授教养行为请求,这样才使我们确保今后在教授教养工作中的工作掌握准确的方向,并在实际工作中改变教授教养观念和教授教养行为,提高教授教养质量,匆匆入教育结果,这也是对教育工作者提出的新请求。本文仅结合自己工作实践和对新课程改造的理解,尝试对新课程改造中教师教授教养行为做一浅析。');
【Abstract】 Global social and economic development has brought about a new round of curriculum reform.The new century, an education-and-learning-oriented era, sees the challenges facing teachers and their teaching behaviors influenced by the traditional teaching mode, which lead to curriculum reform of basic education, a systematic project, the utmost aim of which is to set the foundation for reform and improvement of the educational and instructional mode, and cultivation of well-qualified talents of the new era.To have a good understanding of the demands put forward by the new curriculum on teaching behaviors and of the significance of the reform on curriculum, teachers are supposed to acknowledge the defects of the old teaching behaviors against the traditional teaching mode.However we are unlikely to offer solutions to problems like what defects the traditional teaching behaviors are hindered with and where they lie in unless we probe deep into the essence and characteristics of the traditional class teaching. The traditional style of class teaching is knowledge-oriented, with other factors like affection, attitude, intelligence and skills at a secondary level. It also results in the lack of care on human life and its development, merely focusing on the conveyance of knowledge. Students, therefore, are considered a container of receiving knowledge instead of an individual of character. This is where the defects of the traditional teaching mode lie.With teaching behaviors led by the concept of new curriculum, teachers are expected to show concern over students\' personality shaping and experience, shifting the teacher-centered teaching style to student-centered one, adopt retrospection, coordination and scientific well-round appraisal in the teaching process, and launch effective teaching activities with modern teaching aids.Based on the reflection on the above problems, only by putting forward strategies and measures to the reform of teaching behaviors, and by understanding the demands offered under the concept of new curriculum, can we ensure the right direction leading the future teaching tasks, the change of teaching concept and behaviors, and increase of teaching quality.This *** attempts to provide an analysis on the teaching behaviors in light of the author\'s own teaching practices and understanding of the reform of the new curriculum.

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本文TAGS: 行为 研讨 教授 改造 教师 课程 the 教养 of te

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