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大学生心理危机成因剖析与研讨

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【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】心理危机是当前教育界和社会上的一种客观存在,大学生心理危机所导致的行为异常日益引起高等学校的高度重视。研讨大学生心理危机的形成入程和原因,对顺利推入高校心理健康教育具有主要意义。我们今天的生涯,物资文明极大丰盛,精神层面的题目却日益凸起。挖掘大学生心理危机的根源,有助于防患于未然,也有助于发现题目后及时采取恰当干预办法,减少人才资源的挥霍。因此,深入剖析和探讨大学生心理危机的原因,并积极入行有效的预防有着主要的现实意义。多数学者从主观与客观、内因与外因、社会原因与个体原因等视角对大学生心理危机发生的原因入行了剖析和探讨。本文在总结诸多学者研讨结果的基本上,以大学生心理发铺历程为主线,以大学生入入大学为界线,把心理危机的成因分前期和后期两个标段,前期分社会文化、家庭、大学生自身三个纬度,后期分大一新生、大二大三老生、大四毕业生和大学生自杀四个纬度,遵循唯物辩证法和历史唯物论的基本原则,主要通过文献阅读、调查、对比研讨、理论剖析等方式对大学生心理危机成因题目入行了深入剖析和研讨。前期因素主要应用文献阅读、调查、理论剖析方式入行剖析。依据研讨须要,对自身因素这个纬度的剖析采取青少年生涯事件量表、应付方式问卷、卡特尔16PF量表入行,用SPSS软件包入行结果统计处置和剖析。后期因素以年级为尺度划分,将在校大学生分为三个阶段,加上对大学生心理危机的极端表示形式,即自杀的剖析,共四个纬度主要应用对比研讨法、理论剖析法入行剖析。本文在这部门只对引起每个年级心理危机的最具有凸起性的原因入行剖析,对这个年级引发心理危机的其它原因不作讨论。最后在对大学生心理危机的原因入行剖析的基本上,提出有异于危机干预模式的教育策略。本文认为对大学生的心理危机重在预防,重在素质教育,社会、学校、家庭、大学生自身都应积极自动地入行预防。只有对大学生心理危机形成入程和原因入行深入剖析,才能对其入行有效预防,才能辅助大学生顺利渡过心理危机,使大学生健康成长。');
【Abstract】 The psychological crisis is one kind of objective existence in the current educational circles and society’s, the behavior which the university student psychology crisis caused increasingly attached great importance to colleges and universities. Studying the psychological crisis and the formation of the reasons for the smooth progress of mental health education colleges and universities is of great significance. Our lives today, a great wealth of material civilization, spiritual dimensions of the problem has become acute. Mining psychological crisis, and contribute to the prevention, but also help to identify problems in a timely manner after the intervention to take appropriate measures to reduce the waste of human resources. Therefore, analyzes and discusses the university student psychology crisis’s reason thoroughly, and carries on the effective prevention to have the vital practical significance positively.The majority of scholars from the subjective and objective, internal and external factors, social factors and individual perspective, and other causes of the crisis on the psychological causes are analyzed and discussed. This article summing up a number of scholars on the basis of research results, take the university student psychology development process as the master line, enters the university take the university student as the demarcation line, divides the earlier period and the later period two sign section the psychological crisis’s origin, the earlier period divides three latitudes, later period divided four latitudes the intrinsic factor which and the external factor formed to the university student psychology crisis has carried on a more profound analysis and the research, mainly through reading literature, surveys, comparative study, theoretical analysis.Preliminary factor is mainly through reading literature, surveys, theoretical analysis. According to the research needs of its own analysis of the factors , using young people life event scale, the way to deal with the questionnaire, the Cartel 16PF scale to carry on result statistics processing and the analysis with the SPSS software package. The later period factor takes the grade as the standard, will be divided into freshmen, sophomore junior Orientation, a senior graduate in three stages, in addition to the university student psychology crisis’s extreme manifestation, namely the suicide analysis, the altogether four latitudes forms the reason to the university student psychology crisis the later period factor to carry on the analysis. This article only to causes each grade psychology crisis in this part most to have the prominent reason to carry on the analysis, does not make the discussion to this grade initiation psychology crisis\'s other reasons.Finally, carrying on the analysis to the university student psychology crisis’s reason in the foundation, proposes different in the crisis intervention pattern education strategy. This article thinks to university student’s psychological crisis again in the prevention, again in education for all-around development. The society, the school, the family, university student oneself should positive carry on the prevention on own initiative. Only then carries on the thorough analysis to the university student psychology crisis forming process and the reason, can carry on the effective prevention to it, could help the university student to cross the psychological crisis smoothly, caused the university student healthy development.

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本文TAGS: 剖析 研讨 危机 心理 大学生 the to crisis

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