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美国校园暴力表示形式及其社会原因

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【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】校园应该是宁静、祥和的传布思惟、教书育人和发铺学术的圣地。但是,现在的美国校园已经被暴力事件打破了宁静,教师和学生的人身安全和教授教养环境都受到了极大的影响。各种美国社会上的暴力和犯罪事件也渗入渗出入入了校园,校园暴力已成为严峻的社会题目。校园暴力题目趋于严峻,暴力事件发生频率越来越高,暴力形式也越来越恶劣。研讨美国校园暴力的表示形式和严峻性入而探究暴力背后的原因具有重大的现实意义。本论文列举了破坏行为,恃强凌弱,性别暴力,冤仇罪行和枪击作为典型的校园暴力表示形式。论文借助社会学家和心理学家提出的暴力理论,尤其是社会学习理论,从美国的历史、社会和文化等角度入手,剖析校园暴力发生的原因,揭示泛滥于美国校园的暴力与美国社会的暴力文化、种族主义、性别主义和宗教冲突之间的内在性联系。论文特殊夸大指出,美国文化所崇尚的极端个人主义精神、美国政府对枪支管理的松散政策,以及美国枪支好处集团的巨大影响,是美国校园暴力事件频仍的基本原因。只要这种极端个人主义和枪支的普遍所有权得以继承,美国的校园暴力就难以根除。');
【Abstract】 American Campus was and is usually idealized to be a sanctum for academic study. However, beneath the semblance of peaceful ivory tower, American campus nowadays is on and off plagued by an alloy of miscellaneous violence which has increasingly become a serous social problem. On the one hand, violence is taking place on American campus on a more frequent basis, and on the other hand, the way the violence is committed tends to be crueler, more violent and traumatically hurtful. In view of the increasingly worsening situation, it would be of enormous significance to look into the nature and scope of current violence on American campus and reveal the root causes for campus violence.This thesis presents the vandalistic behavior, bullying, ***ual violence, hate violence, and mass murder as the typical violence typology on campus. According to the social learning theory, violence is interpreted as an outcome of students appropriating from their environments and popular culture aggressive behavior. Drawing upon the social learning theory, this thesis looks into a complex set of social factors that give rise to campus violence in the U.S., including the violence cult, gun ownership, and social tension factors such as racism, ***ism and religious conflicts. Despite decades-long efforts taken by American society to combat violence, the adverse trend has not yet been reversed, or is likely to be in the foreseeable future. The underlying reason in that respect lies in some cultural, political and social forces deep-rooted in the American culture, which make the campus violence disease determinedly intractable, or even ineradicable. In this sense, to understand campus violence is in fact to understand American culture and society.

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本文TAGS: 社会 原因 及其 形式 暴力 表示 校园 the viole

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