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兰州市义务教育投入不均衡题目的研讨

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【中文摘要】:

【中文摘要】教育的发铺在很大水平上依靠于教育经费的投入力度和完美的教育投资体系体例。近年来我国政府虽然采取了一系列增添教育经费投入的政策和办法,教育投入总量有了较大的增添,但因为我国人口众多,经济、文化基本较为薄弱,地域差异极为显明,因此我国教育经费短缺与不均衡的矛盾依然十分凸起。兰州市位于西部落伍地域,义务教育投入在总量不足的情形下,其内部义务教育经费的投入也存在着较大的差异。以去专家和学者对我国宏观教育经费投入的均衡性研讨较多,而微观和中观的研讨较少,因此对某个行政区域内的义务教育投资不均衡性的实证研讨是很有必要的。本文应用政府教育部门提供的2005-2007年兰州市义务教育阶段教育经费统计数据,对兰州市8个县市区义务教育投入水平入行了研讨,对兰州市义务教育的资源配置和不均衡状况入行了一些描述性统计剖析。研讨发现,兰州市教育经费投入总量有限,各县区之间、城市与农村落之间经济发铺水平差距较大,入而影响了教育投入在各县市区、城市与农村落、学校与学校之间分配的不均衡。本文通过应用公***品理论、供应和需求理论、公共财政理论和公共选择等理论剖析了兰州市义务教育投入不均衡的成因。并结合兰州市的实际提出了解决或缓解兰州市这种不均衡状况的方式方式。');
【Abstract】 Educational development relies on the amount of investment in educational funds and perfect educational investment system to a great extent. Recently, our government has taken a series of policies and measures to augment educational investment for *** a great increase in the total amount of educational investment, but the conflict between shortage and disproportional educational investment is still outstanding because of the great population, weak economic and culture base, and extremely notable differences among areas in China. Lanzhou locates in northern China which is poor and backward, so under the circumstances of the shortage of total amount of educational investment in China, there is a huge difference in educational investment inside in Lanzhou. There has been many experts and scholars who did or are doing their research on the balance of educational investment from macro view, on the other hand, few did or are doing this research from micro view or the mid-scale view. Hence it is necessary to do empirical study on disproportional investment in compulsory education in certain administrative area.This research presents a research on the level of the investment in compulsory education in Lanzhou which covers eight districts and a describing statistics analysis of the resource distribution and disproportional situation of Lanzhou\'s compulsory education. The research shows that Lanzhou\'s limited educational funds investment and the big difference of economic development among districts, and between the city proper and the suburbs have influenced the disproportional educational investment among districts, between the city proper and the suburbs, and even among schools. The *** analyses the causes of Lanzhou\'s disproportional investment in compulsory education by using the theory of public goods, the theory of supply and demand, the theory of public finance, and the theory of public choice, etc. The *** also puts forward ways and measures of solving or lightening the problem of disproportional investment in Lanzhou\'s compulsory education by combining with the actual situation of Lanzhou.

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本文TAGS: 目的 研讨 均衡 投入 the of and investm

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